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of understanding how cells and organisms work. shinya yamanaka proved cells can be changed into immature stem cells which can then be used to form all the tissues of the body. >> the nobel society has today decided to award the nobel prize in physiology or medicine 2012 jointly to john b.gergen and shinya yamanaka. >> he is 50 years old. he's a professor at kyoto university. he established the method to produce ips cells. they're capable of becoming specialized cells which can then be used to create tissues such as heart muscle. he succeeded by introducing four types of genes to cells removed from parts of the body. he reported success with mice in 2006 and a year later generated human ips cells. john gergen was the first to hiypothesize that genomes would -- 40 years wlaert yamanaka confirmed and expapded on his thesis. creating and reproducing diseased cells in the lab. members of the nobel committee says their work has made an important contribution to new medical research. professor yamanaka spoke about his nobel prize win at kyoto university. >> translator: i am very happy about receiving this
2012 joint jointly. >> they made the announcement monday. yamanaka is 50 years old. they're capable of becoming specialized cells which can be used to create tissue such as neurons and heart muscle. he introduced four types of genes from cells removed from parts of the body. he reported success with mice in 2006 a 2006. in 1962 he was the first to say that genomes could contain the information in cell organism. the scientists contributed to the study of how diseases develop and spread by creating and reproducing disease cells in the lab. members of the nobel committee says their work has made an important contribution to new medical research. professor spoke about his win at the university. >> translator: i am very happy about receiving this prize, but at the same time i feel a great sense of responsibility. ips is a new technology. it has a lot of potential in the field of medicine and the development of new drugs. i want to continue this research. now that i've received this honor i would like to or i feel i must contribute to society as soon as possible. >> professor yamanaka sai
yamanaka. >> suarez: the two scientists are from two different generations and celebrated today's announcement half a world apart. but today they were celebrated together for their research that led to a ground-breaking understanding of how cells work. sir john gurdon of cambridge university was awarded for his work in 1962. he was able to use specialized cells of frogs, like skin or intestinal cells, to generate new tad poles and show d.n.a. could drive the formation of cells in the body. 40 years later dr. shinya yamanaka built on that and went further. he was able to turn mature cells back into their earliest form as primitive cells. those cells are in many ways the equivalent of embryonic stem cells because they have the potential to develop into specialized cells. for heart, liver and other organs. dr. shinya yamanaka is currently working at kyoto university. embryonic stem cells have had to be harvested from human embryos, a source of debate and considerably controversy. for gurdon the prize at special meaning. at a news conference in london he recalled one school teacher'
Search Results 0 to 8 of about 9 (some duplicates have been removed)